What caused this? It is a simple question, and yet answers are all over the map, as you might expect.
Here’s mine in two words: fiat money.
The word “fiat” means “out of nothing.” Money out of nothing is money that is eventually worth nothing. The possibility of precisely that happening emerged in August 15, 1971. Since Nixon severed the last tie of the dollar to gold, the world’s monetary system has not been restrained by anything physical. We’ve depended on the discretion of central bankers. We can’t trust that, and this crisis shows precisely why.