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Source link: http://archive.mises.org/5657/three-new-deals-why-the-nazis-and-fascists-loved-fdr/

Three New Deals: Why the Nazis and Fascists Loved FDR

September 22, 2006 by

Critics of Roosevelt’s New Deal often liken it to fascism, writes David Gordon. Roosevelt’s numerous defenders dismiss this charge as reactionary propaganda; but as Wolfgang Schivelbusch makes clear in Three New Deals, it is perfectly true. Moreover, it was recognized to be true during the 1930s, by the New Deal’s supporters as well as its opponents. The Nazi press enthusiastically hailed the early New Deal measures. FULL ARTICLE

{ 6 comments }

N. Joseph Potts September 22, 2006 at 10:44 am

I realize it would clutter things, but the omission of Stalin from this survey is palpable to me. Stalin and Roosevelt, of course, had the close connection that was missing between FDR and Hitler. But the inclusion of Stalin would also have better conveyed the way this Fascism/Communism was truly sweeping the world, rapidly causing, as it had to, a truly colossal war.

Including the USSR might have stretched the author, too, not just the book. But it sure makes a theme – perhaps one that would improve our ability to evaluate the present times in these terms.

David Gordon September 22, 2006 at 12:43 pm

Schivelbusch thinks that all three New Deals were influenced by Soviet programs, in particular massive government endeavors like the Dnieper River project. But this isn’t a principal theme of the book.

tawny September 22, 2006 at 1:07 pm

Has the author of this piece read Walker F. Todd’s very good book (a monograph actually I believe) on this subject, titled “FROM CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC TO CORPORATE STATE:the Federal Reserve Board, 1931-1934?”

It is a ‘must read.’ Todd knows what he is writing about, having worked for the Fed. The Fed worked very closely with FDR on getting in the New Deal – on strategy. planning, and ‘marketing’ – so to speak.

Also a must read is WALL STREET AND FDR by Antony Sutton. FDR’s populist sympathies were a total fiction, as he was big money and big business backed all the way…

…which brings me to a point I have long wanted to raise with Mises Institute. Mises Inst. is in favor of ‘private’ vs ‘public’ and opposes big govt. and favors privitization etc. All well and good – IF the distinction between govt. and business were real and not illusory. In fact the huge banks and corporations now control all of society’s ‘centers of power’, including of course government in its various myrid guises, manifestation, levels, its alleged separate(sic)branches, etc.

Pretending that govt. and big business are distinct when they are not… ignoring the central (and perennial) problem the world today faces which is the corruption of all social institutions and especially of government by people with money, power, and control seeking, as is their wont, ever more money, power, and control …

I really don’t see how we can hope to solve or at least mitigate the present exceedingly grave problems the peoples of the world currently (and, tragically, so largely unwittingly)face, if we never acknowledge, let alone discuss and attempt to grapple with this central problem of the modern world – the fact that big business and big government are really, behind all the carefully crafted and maintained illusions, but two sides of the same coin.

David Spellman September 22, 2006 at 2:57 pm

I agree with tawny that the problem we face is that “He who has the gold rules.” It would be nice if the government was a many headed hydra of self-interested powermongers who could be disbanded, but the reality is that the state is an extension of the wealthy class and serves its interests to preserve and expand their control. So long as people trade their liberty for their livelihood, this will continue to be so.

The decade of the 30′s was the age of the Cult of Personality. Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union, Japan, and the United States were under the despotic regimes of godkings. Arguably, the world war resulted from the clash of egos as the self-ordained olympians fought for ascendancy.

The pervasive popularity of computer games like Age of Empires and Civilization demonstrate that the desire to be an omnipotent potentate is a common human aspiration. The difference is that when the leader of a nation decides to play the game in real life, millions–and nowadays billions–can be made to suffer and die to satisfy their ambitions. Thus it behooves us to chop down power and ambition in politics wherever it rears its hydra head.

Brett Celinki September 22, 2006 at 3:46 pm

What I think needs to be done and done soon is to correct a lot of the nonsense written in Wikipedia by the ‘anarcho-leftist’ crowd. Just peruse some of their contrived articles. Wikipedia is fast becoming a mess.

Jacob Steelman September 22, 2006 at 4:33 pm

Whether FDR’s statism was hard or soft all three programs – FDR’s, Hitler’s & Mussolini’s (as well Stalin’s)- were implemented at the point of a gun.

Tawney’s point is well taken but needs clarification – big business (and to a degree all business) is a pawn of the state. Business frequently serves as the tax collector – for sales tax, for income tax, etc. The very act of incorporating a business is a state activity, raising of capital is a state activity ( from the Federal Reserve to Wall Street the activity is managed and regulated by the government), location of a business is state activity (from local zoning laws to Federal environmental laws), the labor employed by business is a state activity (from minimum wage laws to complex labor, retirement and anti-discrimination laws), the list is almost endless. There are laws governing patents, export, import, consumer protection etc. Each industry has its own department (acting as the informal manager of the industry cartel) – the Agriculture Department, Federal Communications Commission, DOE, Labor Department, Department of Transportation etc. Every profession has its cartel as well, supported by underlying government regulations – American Medical Association, American Bar Association, American Bankers Association, etc. each having corresponding state organizations as well. Read Triumph of Conservatism by Gabriel Kolko. The role of business is to supply the goods and services that consumers demand at the price they are willing to pay. Intervention of the state distorts this role and substitutes the state’s demand (and the demand of the business or professional cartel)for that of the consumer. For example if the insurance industry successfully lobbies for mandatory seat belt laws/regulations the consumer is forced to pay a higher price for an automobile than the consumer may have otherwise been willing to pay. The examples are almost too numerous to calculate.

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