Contemporary scholarly discourse follows many alternative routes in addition to the
three-century old tradition of publication in peer-reviewed journals. The field of High-
Energy Physics (HEP) has explored alternative communication strategies for decades,
initially via the mass mailing of paper copies of preliminary manuscripts, then via the
inception of the first online repositories and digital libraries.
This field is uniquely placed to answer recurrent questions raised by the current trends
in scholarly communication: is there an advantage for scientists to make their work
available through repositories, often in preliminary form? Is there an advantage to
publishing in Open Access journals? Do scientists still read journals or do they use
The analysis of citation data demonstrates that free and immediate online
dissemination of preprints creates an immense citation advantage in HEP, whereas
publication in Open Access journals presents no discernible advantage. In addition, the
analysis of clickstreams iin the leading digital library of the field shows that HEP
scientists seldom read journals, preferring preprints instead.
Source link: http://archive.mises.org/10456/down-with-old-fashioned-publishing/